leaving quebec

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The 7/15 Rule

In Quebec, a person receiving welfare cannot leave the province for more than 7 consecutive days in a calendar month or for more than 15 days total during a calendar month.  If someone leaves for longer, they will no longer be considered a resident of the province and will lose their eligibility for social assistance. [1]


Consequences

Leaving Quebec for more than 7 days when one is on social assistance means :

  1. No longer receiving welfare the month following one’s absence.
  2. No longer have an active file at welfare, which means :
    • No more medication coverage
    • No more coverage for glasses or dental care
  3. Having to make a new application for welfare.  If one loses eligibility for more than a single month one would have to provide
    • a new welfare application
    • bank statements
    • proof of identiy
    • proof of income
    • possibly a medical report
    • and many other documents depending on the situation….
  4. Wait between one and two years to again be eligible for glasses, dental coverage, etc.

Elsewhere in Canada

Residence criteria to be eligible for social assistance in other provinces:

Alberta : Person is physically present in Alberta at time of application. May also be eligible if participating in an inter-provincial program.

British Columbia :  Suspension of assistance after 30 days of absence. Possibility to leave more than 30 days, with authorization.

Prince Edward Island :  Suspension of assistance after 30 days of absence.  

New Brunswick : Physical presence in New Brunswick with no further parameters.  

Nova Scotia :   Suspension of assistance after 30 days of absence.  

Nunavut : Physical presence in Nunavut with no further parameters. May also be eligible if participating in an inter-provincial program.

Ontario : Suspension of assistance after 7 days of absence. Possibility to leave more than 7 days, with authorization.

Québec : 7/15 rule. Income support ceases after an absence of more than 15 cumulative days in a calendar month or more than 7 consecutive days in that month

Saskatchewan : Person is physically present in Saskatchewan at time of application.

Newfoundland and Labrador: Suspension of assistance after 60 days of absence. Possibility to leave more than 60 days, with authorization.

North West Territories: Suspension of assistance after 30 days of absence. Possibility to leave more than 30 days, with authorization for a maximum of 90 days

Yukon : Person is physically present in Yukon.  Suspension of assistance if leave.


[1] The INDIVIDUAL AND FAMILY ASSISTANCE REGULATION (article 20) states that:
(…) an adult’s residence is the place where the adult is ordinarily resident.
An adult who is absent more than 15 cumulative days in a calendar month or more than 7 consecutive days in that month is not considered a resident of Québec.